Interesting Information About Plant:
Allium vineale, most commonly known as ‘wild garlic’ and often confused with ‘wild onion,’ has a strong onion or garlic odor when crushed, and when consumed by cattle impart a disagreeable flavor to their meat and milk products. Similarly, aerial bulbils can contaminate wheat by altering the taste to have a slight flavor of onion or garlic. It is in leaf from October to August, in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects. The plant is self-fertile. It prefers light; it cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil.Leaves - raw or cooked. Rather stringy, they are used as a garlic substitute. The leaves are available from late autumn until the following summer, when used sparingly they make a nice addition to the salad bowl.
Bulb - used as a flavoring. Rather small, with a very strong flavor and odor. The bulbs are 10 - 20mm in diameter.
Bulbils - raw or cooked. Rather small and fiddly, they have a strong garlic-like flavor. Although it is not a proven remedy to these ailments, there is some evidence for the use of ‘wild garlic’ to treat the following illnesses: Anti-asthmatic; Blood purifier; Carminative; Cathartic; Diuretic; Expectorant; Stimulant; Vasodilator.
The whole plant is a(n) anti-asthmatic, blood purifier, carminative, cathartic, diuretic, expectorant, hypotensive, stimulant and vasodilator. A dye is used to prevent worms and colic in children, and also as a remedy for croup. The raw root can be eaten to reduce blood pressure and also to ease shortness of breath.
Although no other specific mention of medicinal uses has been seen for this species, members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavor) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system, and also tonify the circulatory system. The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles. The juice of the plant can be rubbed on exposed parts of the body to repel biting insects, scorpions etc.
Common Name: Wild garlic
Scientific Name: Allium wineale
Family Name (Scientific and Common): Liliaceae
Continent of Origin: Europe and Asia
Most Distinguishing Morphological Features of This Plant: Round hollow leaves and garlic-like odor
Plant Growth Habit: Upright Herbaceous
Height at Maturity: Between 1- 3 Feet
Life Span: Perennial
Seasonal Habit: Herbaceous That Stays Green Through Winter
Growth Habitat: Full Sun / Partial Sun
Manner of Culture: Weed
Thorns on Younger Stem? No
Cross Section of Younger Stem: Roundish
Stem (or Trunk) Diameter: Less Than The Diameter of a Pencil
Produces Brownish Bark? No
Bark Peeling in Many Areas? No
Characteristics of Mature (Brownish) Bark: No Mature Bark (all green)
Type of Leaf: hollow tubular leaf
Length of Leaf (or Leaflet): Longer Than a Writing Pen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Shape of Leaf: Simple
Edge of Leaf: Smooth
Leaf Arrangement: Whorled (3 or more leaves per node)
Leaf has Petiole? No
Patterns of Main-Veins: Parallel
Leaf Hairiness: No Hairs
Color of Foliage in Summer: Green
Change in Color of Foliage in October: No Change
Flowering Season: Summer
Flowers: Tightly Clustered
Type of Flower: Like a Grass Flower
Color of Flower: White, Red, Pink, Purple-Violet, or Green
Shape of Individual Flower: Other
Size of Individual Flower: Smaller than a Quarter
Sexuality: Hermaphroditic Flower
Size of Fruit: Smaller than a Quarter
Fruit Fleshiness at Maturity: Dry
Shape of Fruit: Oblong-Oval
Color of Fruit at Maturity: Green
Fruit Desirable to Birds or Squirrels? No
Unique Morphological Features of Plant: Round to egg-shaped bulbs with outer papery covering. Flowers replaced by bulblets in Spring, reproduction occurs upon redistribution of these bulblets.
Is the Plant Poisonous: All of Plant; in large quantities, dogs particularly susceptible.
Pesty Plant (weedy, hard to control)? Yes
Common Name(s): ‘wild garlic,’ ‘crow garlic,’ ‘field garlic,’ ‘scallions,’ (commonly confused with ‘wild onion’).
Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused With This One: ‘wild onion’ (Allium canadense), ‘Star of Bethlehem’ (Ornithogalum umbellatum), ‘Starch Grape Hyacinth’ (Muscari racemosum).
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