File Sharing and Copyright Infringement
Bellarmine University, in compliance with the Higher Education Act of 2008 and in keeping with established academic integrity expectations of the Academy, prohibits anyone from using Bellarmine-owned or provided computing resources for the purpose of violating copyright law. These activities include what is commonly referred to as illegal file sharing – attempting to obtain and/or share copyrighted materials such as songs, movies, and/or computer software without the permission of the copyright owner. See 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code) for more details.
Illegal File Sharing Policy at Bellarmine
As stated on p. 95 in the 2012-2013 Bellarmine University Student Handbook:
Students are required to respect the intellectual property rights of others. The sharing of copyrighted materials such as music and movies either through P2P (peer-to-peer) file sharing or other means, without the permission of the copyright owner is illegal and can have very serious legal repercussions. Those found guilty of violating copyrights in this way have been fined enormous sums of money. Accordingly, the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials is prohibited. Students are encouraged to visit this page for a list of legal alternatives to obtain music, movies, and television shows.
Summary of Civil and Criminal Penalties for Violation of Federal Copyright Laws
Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, downloading or uploading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes an infringement.
Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties. In general, anyone found liable for civil copyright infringement may be ordered to pay either actual damages or "statutory" damages affixed at not less than $750 and not more than $30,000 per work infringed. For "willful" infringement, a court may award up to $150,000 per work infringed. A court can, in its discretion, also assess costs and attorneys' fees. For details, see Title 17, United States Code, Sections 504, 505.
Willful copyright infringement can also result in criminal penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years and fines of up to $250,000 per offense.
For more information, please see the Web site of the U.S. Copyright Office at copyright.gov, especially their FAQs.
Alleged infractions of the file sharing policy will be investigated by Information Services staff and referred to the Dean of Students, who oversees all disciplinary actions. Infractions will be addressed on a case-by-case basis, with penalties ranging from a warning to expulsion, as detailed in The Student Handbook.
To read more about the BU plan and policy addressing unauthorized distribution of copyright files, click here (pdf).
In the academic year 2011-2012, the Director of Information Services monitored the Bellarmine University Peer to Peer file sharing protocols and resolved one issue. No incidents were reported to the Bellarmine University Dean of Students.
For sample correspondence to students regarding illegal file sharing, see attached document. This handout was made available during student orientation and posted across campus.